How is Cinematography Changing the Quality of Indian Movies?

AAFT India
3 min readAug 8, 2023

The world of Indian cinema has witnessed a remarkable evolution over the years, and one of the key factors driving this transformation is the art of cinematography. The role of cinematography in Indian movies has grown beyond simply capturing scenes; it has become a powerful tool that shapes the visual narrative, enhances storytelling, and elevates the overall quality of films. As the art of cinematography continues to evolve, it is undeniably changing the landscape of Indian cinema, bringing about a new era of visual storytelling. One can learn the intricacies of cinematography and other technical aspects of cinematography through degree course of cinematography.

Gone Old Days: Cinematography

Gone are the days when cinematography in Indian movies was confined to basic camera work and static compositions. Today, cinematographers are artists in their own right, using their expertise to create visual poetry that complements and enhances the director’s vision. The impact of cinematography on Indian cinema can be seen in several significant ways:

1.) Visual Storytelling:

Cinematography has transformed Indian movies into immersive visual experiences. Through the skillful use of lighting, framing, and camera movements, cinematographers help convey emotions, moods, and themes without the need for explicit dialogue. Each frame becomes a canvas on which stories are painted, deepening the audience’s engagement.

2.) Aesthetic Appeal:

The infusion of innovative cinematography techniques has elevated the aesthetic appeal of Indian films. From breathtaking landscapes to intricate indoor sets, cinematographers utilize color palettes, contrasts, and textures to create a feast for the eyes, making movies a sensorial delight. To develop the feel, many cinematography courses are offering and teaching the basics as well as the advanced techniques of cinematography.

3.) Technical Advancements:

Advancements in camera technology have opened up new possibilities for cinematographers. High-definition cameras, drones, and CGI (Computer Generated Imagery) have enabled the creation of visually stunning sequences that were previously unattainable. This technical progress has expanded the horizons of storytelling, allowing filmmakers to bring their creative visions to life.

4.) Genre Experimentation:

Cinematography has played a pivotal role in pushing the boundaries of traditional Indian cinema genres. Whether it’s the gritty realism of neo-noir films or the larger-than-life extravagance of period dramas, cinematographers adapt their visual styles to suit the demands of diverse genres, thereby enriching the cinematic experience.

5.) Emphasis on Visual Symbolism:

Modern cinematography often incorporates symbolism through visual cues, enhancing the layers of storytelling. The use of recurring motifs, color symbolism, and framing techniques adds depth to the narrative, inviting audiences to interpret and engage with the film on a deeper level.

6.) Global Recognition:

With Indian films gaining international acclaim, cinematographers are receiving recognition on the global stage. Their ability to capture the essence of Indian culture while appealing to a global audience showcases the importance of cinematography in making Indian movies resonate universally.

7.) Director-Cinematographer Collaboration:

The relationship between directors and cinematographers has evolved into a dynamic partnership. Collaborative efforts ensure that the visual language aligns seamlessly with the narrative. This synergy results in a harmonious blend of storytelling and aesthetics.

8.) New Narratives:

Cinematography has enabled the exploration of unconventional narratives and perspectives. Films like “Tumbbad” and “Andhadhun” have relied on cinematography to create eerie atmospheres and heighten suspense, demonstrating how visuals can be instrumental in shaping the viewer’s experience.


In conclusion, the evolving landscape of Indian cinema owes much of its transformation to the art of cinematography. This visual craft has revolutionized storytelling, aesthetics, and technical possibilities, enabling filmmakers to create immersive and impactful experiences for audiences. As cinematography continues to evolve, it will undoubtedly play an even more significant role in shaping the future of Indian movies, leaving an indelible mark on the cinematic journey. There are many aspirants who are enrolling in cinematography degree courses in Delhi and Mumbai.



AAFT India

With over 30+ years of experience in the field of media and arts education, AAFT has established itself as a leader in the industry.